Cuthona cocoachroma

Image courtesy of Peter Rothschild
Puget Sound, Washington
Cuthona cocoachroma Williams and Gosliner, 1979

There are several species of Cuthona along our coastline that really cause a lot of anguish for divers to ID. Cuthona cocochroma, described by our own buddies, Gary Williams and Terry Gosliner is one of them.

Named for the chocolate color of the ceratal core, this species looks terribly similar to Cuthona concinna, and sometimes even Cuthona divae. While C. concinna is a much more northern species, its range could overlap with C. cocochroma at its southern end, and we always need to keep our eyes open for this. As it turns out Lynne and Peter's specimens constitute a slight northerly extension of the species range. Their dive, at Cove 2 is near Alki Point, west Seattle, in Puget Sound which extends it to the east within the Sound as well as north of Kayostla Beach which is on the outer coast of Washington.

Internally the differences are quite obvious. Because the external colors are so similar, I usually use the slug's food to assist me with the ID. C. cocochroma feeds on the hydroid, Thuiaria, while C. concinna feeds on Sertularia.

It is interesting that when this not terribly common species shows up, its population numbers are staggering. Such occurrences are usually due to food availability and abundance, and are common among hydroid feeding aeolids.

Nice find!

Dave Behrens
Sammamish, WA 98074
Oct., 2012

Lynne Flaherty

My husband, Peter Rothschild, and I were diving with a third friend, doing a fun dive around our local mudhole training site. Peter and I together probably have almost 1000 dives at this one place, and know the critters there pretty well. On this dive, I saw a nudibranch that looked distinctly unfamiliar, so I dropped down to take some pictures of it. Unknown to me, Peter had found a second individual, and was photographing that one. When we got home and looked it up, I wasn't sure which Cuthona species it was, so I put the pictures up on our local dive forum, and Richard Zade sent them to Dave, who confirmed that this was, in fact, Cuthona cocoachroma . It's an amazing find because I have not only never seen this animal before, I've never seen any kind of Cuthona at all at this site!

We were both using Olympus EPL-1 cameras with the Olympus housing, and Inon D2000 strobes.

Peter learned to dive in 1967, but had a long surface interval, and got recertified with me in 2005. Since then, we've logged a couple thousand dives around the world, but primarily in Puget Sound and the Pacific Northwest. We're both avid cave divers and dabble in tech diving, but our primary love is critters, and particularly taking photographs of them, and we are both slug junkies!

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From left to right, Terry Gosliner, Angel Valdes, Dave Behrens La Jolla, Calif.

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